PMID: 591479Nov 1, 1977

Saturation kinetics for steady-state pulmonary CO transfer

Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
C MendozaG H Gurtner


Steady-state diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) was measured in 13 anesthetized, paralyzed dogs ventilated at constant tidal volume and rate, using four different inspired CO levels (190, 600, 1,110, and 2,000 ppm). DLCO increased and reached a maximum as the inspired CO level was raised from 190 to 600 ppm. Further increases in inspired CO concentration were accompanied by a decrease in inspired CO concentration were accompanied by a decrease in DLCO. CO dead space and Pao2 remained constant at all inspired O2 levels. In some experiments a second set of measurements was made, the results of which were similar to those of the first set. The results cannot be explained by changes in CO back pressure, pulmonary capillary volume, or reaction rate of CO with hemoglobin, but can be explained if there is carrier-mediated CO transport in the alveolar capillary membrane.

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