Screening and evaluation of the role of immune genes of brain metastasis in lung adenocarcinoma progression based on the TCGA and GEO databases.

Journal of Thoracic Disease
Cheng ChenYongxiang Song

Abstract

Brain metastasis was one of the factors leading to the poor long-term prognosis of patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). The expression levels of immune genes in LUAD and LUAD brain metastases tissues were analyzed in GSE161116 dataset using the GEO2R, and the levels of differential immune genes in normal lung and LUAD tissues were verified. The biological functions and signaling mechanisms of the differential immune genes were explored via Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis. Cox regression analysis was used to screen the prognostic factors of LUAD patients, and a risk model was constructed. The role of the model was checked in the development of LUAD via receiver operating characteristic analysis, gene set enrichment analysis, and Cox regression analysis. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in brain metastasis were involved in the adaptive immune response, B cell differentiation, leukocyte migration, NF-kB signaling pathway, among others. The expression levels of TNFRSF11A, MS4A2, IL11, CAMP, MS4A1, and F2RL1 were independent factors affecting the poor prognosis of LUAD patients via Cox regression analysis and Akaike information criterion. In the constructed risk model, the overall surviva...Continue Reading

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