Jul 1, 1977

Screening for autosomal aberrations

Acta paediatrica Scandinavica
M HigurashiY Nakagome


A method of screening for autosomal aberrations is important as an indication for chromosome analysis such as that used in sex-chromatin examination for sex chromosome aberrations. In our clinic, malformed patients with mental retardation and abnormal dermatoglyphic patterns are strong suspects for autosomal aberrations. Abnormal dermatoglyphic patterns are separated into two categories: (1) Absolutely abnormal--radial loop of 1st finger, radial loop of 4th finger, radial loop of 5th finger, arch over 6 fingers, arch tibial, loop tibial, and arch fibular; (2) Borderline abnormalities--high axial triradius (t' and t"), simian crease, interdigital loop, and single crease of 5th finger. Of 416 cases showing malformation, retardation, and abnormal dermatoglyphics, 308 had autosomal aberrations, while 108 had normal karyotypes. In the group with autosomal aberrations, 279 patients (90.6%) had absolutely abnormal dermatoglyphics. In the group with normal karyotypes only 8 patients (7.4%) had absolutely normal dermatoglyphics, while most had abnormal dermatoglyphics in the borderline category. These clinical manifestations: absolutely abnormal dermatoglyphics, mental retardation, and malformations are therefore very useful in screenin...Continue Reading

  • References2
  • Citations4

Mentioned in this Paper

Plantar Prints
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Sex Chromosome Aberrations
Multiple Congenital Anomalies
Autosome Abnormalities
Chromatin Location
Chromosomes, Human,16-18
Chromosomes, Human,13-15
Bone Structure of Tibia

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.