Seasonal plasticity of the pituitary pars intermedia of the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius)

Tissue & Cell
Fatma Zohra Djazouli AlimNicole Mahy


The pituitary pars intermedia of Camelus dromedarius is well developed and completely surrounds the pars nervosa. Two major groups of cells are present: endocrine (ec) and glial-like cells (glc). The ec group is composed of three morphologically distinct cell types. Type I, or polyhedral light cells (LC-I) and type II, or polyhedral dark cells (DC-II), have secretory granules of heterogeneous electron density whose size ranges from 170 to 300nm. Type III cells are elongated with homogeneous electron-dense secretory granules of 80-200nm. The glc make up an organized network, form follicles in the centrolobular zones and are positive for vimentin and S-100β immunolabelling. The nerve fibres penetrating the lobe are numerous, and can be classified into two types according to the membrane bound vesicles found in their endings (ne). Ultrastructural quantitative analysis revealed significant variations in PI elements between winter and summer seasons (F=8.014, p=0.006). DC-II cells characterized by developed biosynthetic machinery and a large pool of secretory granules storage are increased with the ne in winter. However, LC-I cells showing frequent cytoplasmic degranulation are predominant with glc in summer. Thus, important cellula...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Camelus dromedarius
Neuronal Plasticity
Seasonal Variation
Structure of Pars Intermedia of Pituitary Gland
Cell Degranulation
Dendritic Cells

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