Secondary cell-mediated cytotoxic response to challenge of rats with syngeneic Gross virus-induced lymphoma

Journal of the National Cancer Institute
M Glaser, R B Herberman

Abstract

Secondary cell-mediated cytotoxicity generated in vivo against a syngeneic Gross virus-induced lymphoma [(C58NT)D] in WF rats was detected by the 4-hour 51Cr release assay. At 30 days or more following primary tumor cell inoculation, after the tumors had regressed, lymphoid cells had little or no detectable direct cytotoxic reactivity. At rechallenge with tumor cells, high levels of cytotoxicity were detected in the peritoneal exudate, peripheral blood, mesenteric lymph node, and spleen cells. The secondary cellular immune response after challenge developed earlier, reached higher levels, and lasted longer than the primary immune response. The secondary cytotoxic reactivity was shown to be immunologically specific by the use of various tumor cells both as target and inhibitor cells. Treatment of immune spleen cells with specific antiserum to rat T-cells and complement abolished their cytotoxic reactivity, whereas removal of complement receptor-bearing cells or phagocytic cells did not reduct the cytotoxicity. These data demonstrated that specific-memory T-cells persisted for long periods in the lymphoid organs of immune rats and could rapidly become cytotoxic from rechallenge with the tumor.

Citations

Jan 1, 1982·Cancer Metastasis Reviews·V SchirrmacherL Beck
Apr 15, 1977·International Journal of Cancer. Journal International Du Cancer·R B HerbermanJ Y Djeu
Aug 1, 1979·International Journal of Cancer. Journal International Du Cancer·H J Dawkins, G R Shellam
Mar 1, 1984·The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology·G CortesinaS Rendine

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Nodding Syndrome

Nodding Syndrome is a neurological and epileptiform disorder characterized by psychomotor, mental, and growth retardation. Discover the latest research on Nodding Syndrome here.

LRRK2 & Microtubules

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are risk-factors for developing Parkinson’s disease (PD). LRRK2 mutations in PD have been shown to enhance its association with microtubules. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
M GlaserR B Herberman
The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
M GlaserR B Herberman
The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
M GlaserR B Herberman
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved