Oct 1, 1976

Secretion of old versus new exportable protein in rat parotid slics. Control by neurotransmitters

The Journal of Cell Biology
Y SharoniM Schramm

Abstract

The possibility that old and new secretory granules do not mix and that older exportable protein can be secreted preferentially was tested on parotid gland in vitro. Slices from fasted animals were pulse labeled for 3 min with L-[3H]leucine. Subcellular fractionstion showed that after 1 90-min chase period, the formation of new labeled secretory granules was mostly completed. The ratio of label in secretory granules to label in microsomes increased 250-fold during the period 5--90 min postpulse. After the 90-min chase, a submaximal rate of secretion was initiated by adding a low concentration of isoproterenol to the slices. Preferential secretion of old unlabeled exportable protein was evident from the finding that the percent of total amylase secreted was 3.5-fold greater than the percent of labeled protein secreted. Preferential secretion of old unlabeled exportable amylase was undiminished even when the chase period before addition of isoproterenol was extended to 240 min. Such long chase incubations were still meaningful due to the fact that the spontaneous rat of amylase release and radioactive protein release from the slices was negligibly low. A high isoproterenol concentration added to the slices after a 90-min chase pr...Continue Reading

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  • Citations31

Mentioned in this Paper

Z-Max
Entire Lumen of Body System
Golgi Apparatus
Carboptic
Microsomes
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer
Cholinergic Receptors
Protein Secretion
Process of Secretion
ADRB2 gene

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