PMID: 6987897Feb 1, 1980Paper

Secretory effects of gastrins on isolated perfused porcine pancreas

The American Journal of Physiology
S L JensenO B Schaffalitzky de Muckadell

Abstract

The effects of the four main forms of gastrin (component I, gastrin-34, gastrin-17, and gastrin-14) on insulin, glucagon, and exocrine secretion were measured on the isolated perfused porcine pancreas. All gastrins were studied in concentrations ranging from 10(-11) to 10(-8) M. Depending on the glucose concentration in the perfusate, all four gastrins increased insulin or glucagon secretion in a dose-dependent manner in concentrations above 10(-10) M. These concentrations are slightly above the arterial concentrations in normal pig and man, but they correspond to gastrin concentrations measured in patients with achlorhydria and gastrinomas. The exocrine secretion was stimulated by all gastrins in a dose-dependent manner. The lowest concentrations that stimulated flow rate significantly were within the physiologic range, 10(-11) and 10(-10) M. All gastrins induced maximal flow rate at a concentration of 10(-9) M. The sulfated form of gastrin-17 had the greatest efficacy. The results indicate that all gastrins may influence the exocrine secretion under normal conditions and the endocrine secretion in diseases with endogenous hypergastrinemia.

References

Jan 1, 1978·Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology·L A ChristiansenK C Christensen
Oct 1, 1972·Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation·J F RehfeldB Rubin
Jun 1, 1973·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·J F Rehfeld, F Stadil
Jul 1, 1969·The American Journal of Physiology·G F Stening, M I Grossman
Oct 1, 1971·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·J Iversen
Dec 1, 1967·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·M J Perley, D M Kipnis

Related Concepts

Arginine hydrochloride
Carbonic Acid Ions
Gastrin
Glucagon
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Novolin
Islets of Langerhans
Oxygen Consumption
Pancreas

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.