Sep 14, 1977

Secretory hyperactivity and mitochondrial changes in neurosecretory cells of an insect. Cellular effects of the insecticide lindane

Cell and Tissue Research
T C Normann, M Samaranayaka-Ramasamy

Abstract

The neurosecretory cells of the corpus cardiacum of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria secret their hormonal products by exocytosis. The insecticide lindane is known to cause release of hyperglycaemic but adipokinetic neurohormones. Electron microscopy of lindane-poisoned corpora cardiaca reveals many exocytotic omega figures. Mitochondria are affected either directly by the poison or by the consequences of secretory hyperactivity. They occur in increased number, divide, acquire dense mitochondrial granules larger than in the controls, and sometimes line up along plasma membranes, mitochondria in two neighbouring cells forming pairs in juxtaposition. Between two such mitochondria the plasma membranes form a junction-like structure. It is suggested that these effects reflect an excessive calcium entry caused by lindane.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Calcium [EPC]
Calcium
Gamma-666
Lindane
Etiology
Electron Microscopy, Diagnostic
Mitochondria
Electron Microscopy
Corpus Cardiacum
Neurohormones

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