Sedimentary lipid biomarker record of human-induced environmental change during the past century in Lake Changdang, Lake Taihu basin, Eastern China

The Science of the Total Environment
Yongdong ZhangMiao Jin


During the past hundred years, the Lake Taihu basin has been greatly impacted by human interventions. The undesirable changes in water quality of lakes, presumably caused by the human activities, remain relatively undescribed in this area. In order to investigate these anthropogenic effects, a 210Pb dated sediment core from a relatively small lake in the upper reaches of Lake Taihu known as Lake Changdang was subject to a detailed lipid biomarker study and other geochemical analyses including quantification of biogenic silica (BSi), nutrients and heavy metals. Based on the results, the recent environmental history of Lake Changdang can be divided into three periods. The first period from approximately 1906 to 1950, represents a natural state, with minimal anthropogenic impact on the lake. Human induced environmental change is recorded in the following stage, ca. 1950-1982, during which the trophic status of the lake increased slightly in response to inputs of agricultural waste and nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) based fertilizers. In particular, the signs of eutrophication during this phase accelerated from ca. 1973, perhaps owing to large-scale using phosphate based chemical fertilizer around the lake at the time. A second ph...Continue Reading


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