Jul 1, 1976

Sedimentation equilibrium of proteins in density gradients

Biophysical Chemistry
J B Ifft

Abstract

The technique of sedimentation equilibrium in density gradients in the analytical ultracentrifuge has been applied to the study of proteins. A variety of effects and procedures including the use of density marker beads, the effects of pressure on buoyant density and pH, and the calculation of compositional density gradient proportionality constants and density--refractive index relations have been developed. The buoyant densities of twenty-four proteins have been measured and hydration values computed. The buoyant titrations of six proteins have been measured. These data have been interpreted in terms of the buoyant titrations which have been obtained for six ionizable homopolypeptides, five copolypeptides, two non-ionizable homopolypeptides and three chemically modified proteins. Spectropolarimetry and potentiometric titrations were employed to further interpret these data. Approximate values for dissociation constants, numbers of ionizable residues, and the nature of ions bound or dissociated upon ionization have been obtained. The relation between potentiometric and buoyant titrations and the use of density gradient centrifugation as a probe for protein structure have been explored.

Mentioned in this Paper

Centrifugation, Density Gradient
Sedimentation Procedure
Chemicals
Titration Method
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Mathematics

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