Seed filling in maize and hormones crosstalk regulated by exogenous application of uniconazole in semiarid regions

Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Irshad AhmadQingfang Han

Abstract

In semiarid regions, deficit and unpredictable precipitation results in yield losses. Uniconazole is a plant growth regulator and its application is beneficial in water saving agriculture and improves maize production in semiarid regions. In order to determine the effects of uniconazole application on seed filling and hormonal changes of maize, a field study was conducted in the summer of 2015 and 2016. Seeds were soaked in uniconazole at concentration of 0 (SCK), 25 (S25), 50 (S50), and 75 (S75) mg kg-1, while in the second experiment, uniconazole was applied to the foliage at concentration of 0 (FCK), 25 (F25), 50 (F50), and 75 (F75) mg L-1 at the eight-leaf. Uniconazole application significantly improves the seed filling rates by regulating the endogenous hormones contents. Uniconazole seed soaking treatments improved significantly the seed filling rate of superior, middle, and inferior seeds compared with foliar application treatments. Uniconazole improved significantly the zeatin (Z) + zeatin riboside (ZR) and abscisic acid (ABA) contents while reducing the gibberellic acid (GA) content in the seeds during the process of seed filling. The Z + ZR and ABA contents were significantly positively correlated while the GA content...Continue Reading

References

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