Seeding-Competent Tau in Gray Matter Versus White Matter of Alzheimer's Disease Brain

Journal of Alzheimer's Disease : JAD
Ruozhen WuFei Liu

Abstract

Neurofibrillary pathology of abnormally hyperphosphorylated tau spreads along neuroanatomical connections, underlying the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The propagation of tau pathology to axonally connected brain regions inevitably involves trafficking of seeding-competent tau within the axonal compartment of the neuron. To determine the seeding activity of tau in cerebral gray and white matters of AD. Levels of total tau, hyperphosphorylation of tau, and SDS- and β-mercaptoethanol-resistant high molecular weight tau (HMW-tau) in crude extracts from gray and white matters of AD frontal lobes were analyzed by immuno-blots. Tau seeding activity was quantitatively assessed by measuring RIPA-buffer-insoluble tau in HEK-293FT/Tau151 - 391 cells treated with brain extracts. We found a comparable level of soluble tau in gray matter versus white matter of control brains, but a higher level of soluble tau in gray matter than white matter of AD brains. In AD brains, tau is hyperphosphorylated in both gray and white matters, with a higher level in the former. The extracts of both gray and white matters of AD brains seeded tau aggregation in HEK-293FT/tau151-391 cells but the white matter showed less potency. Seeding activity of...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Alzheimer's Disease
Axon
Western Blotting
Brain
Buffers
Cerebral Cortex
Frontal Lobe
Gray Matter
2-Mercaptoethanol
Neurons

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