Apr 1, 1988

Selective functional characteristics of rate-induced fatigue in rabbit atrioventricular node

Circulation Research
J BilletteM St-Vincent

Abstract

The slowly developing rate-induced prolongation in atrioventricular nodal conduction time, termed "fatigue," was selectively studied using specifically designed stimulation protocols in isolated rabbit heart preparations. A nodal recovery curve (A2H2 versus H1A2 intervals; nodal conduction time of each premature beat plotted against corresponding recovery time) was obtained before and after a stable and nearly maximum fatigue had been reached by driving the atrium for 5 minutes at a fast rate close to the upper limit of 1:1 nodal conduction. The fatigue uniformly prolonged all A2H2 intervals (12.3 +/- 1.3 msec) and systematically increased the minimum H1A2 interval at which complete nodal block occurred (24.8 +/- 4.0 msec) (p less than 0.01, n = 6). To study the rate and time dependence of fatigue, nodal conduction times were obtained during three rapid 5-minute pacings corresponding to 50%, 75%, and 100% shortening of the pacing interval in the 1:1 nodal conduction range. The respective maximum fatigue-induced increases in conduction time were 5.4 +/- 1.8, 9.0 +/- 2.7, and 12.5 +/- 2.1 msec (p less than 0.01, n = 6). However, the pacing interval had no significant effect on the time required to reach either 50% (17.1 +/- 3.5 s...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Right Atrial Structure
Nerve Conduction Function
Chinchilla Rabbits
Cardiac Conduction System
Structure of Atrioventricular Node
NODAL gene
Entire Atrium
Fatigue
Entire Atrioventricular Node
Heart Atrium

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