Nov 1, 1979

Selective high metabolic lability of uridine, guanosine and cytosine triphosphates in response to glucose deprivation and refeeding of untransformed and polyoma virus-transformed hamster fibroblasts

Journal of Cellular Physiology
E RapaportH M Kalckar

Abstract

Sugar deprivation of hamster fibroblasts (NIL) affected the steady state levels (pool sizes) of cellular acid soluble nucleotides in the folloing fashion: the pools of UTP, GTP and CTP decreased to a much greater extent than the cellular ATP pools, with the UTP pools undergoing the most dramatic reduction. Sugar deprivation of polyoma-transformed NIL cells (PyNIL) yielded even sharper decreases in the nucleoside triphosphate pools with relative changes similar to those of the untransformed cells. Inhibition of protein synthesis by cycloheximide, initiated at the onset of (and continued during) sugar deprivation, prevented the reduction in pool sizes and yielded values slightly higher than those observed for pool sizes in cells cultured in sugar-supplemented medium. Refeeding glucose to sugar-depleted hamster fibroblasts led to rapid increases (within 1 hour) in the UTP and CTP pools to levels well above the pool sizes observed in cells which were continuously cultured (16 hours) in sugar supplemented medium. Feeding NIL or PyNIL cells with fructose instead of glucose as the only hexose source did not appreciably affect any of the ribonucleoside triphosphate pool sizes. Measurements of hexose uptake by NIL and PyNIL cells under ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Guanosine
Hexose Transport
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
Fructose
Hexoses
Ribonucleosides
Uptake
Cytosine
Uracil Nucleotides

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