Oct 1, 1984

Selective inhibition of calcium-stimulated cation-induced pinocytosis by starvation and inhibitors of protein synthesis in Amoeba proteus

Experimental Cell Research
P Johansson, J O Josefsson

Abstract

The capacity of Amoeba proteus to form pinocytotic channels after pretreatment with either puromycin, cycloheximide, emetine or a long period of starvation was studied. The effect on pinocytosis of the three inhibitors of protein synthesis was similar. They preferentially affected pinocytosis induced by Na+ with little effect on K+-induced pinocytosis. In Ca2+-deficient media, Na+-induced pinocytosis was inhibited, while the addition of Ca2+ restored channel formation. The degree of inhibition of Na+-induced pinocytosis was influenced by the concentration of Ca2+ in the inducing solution. Selective Ca2+-reversible inhibition of Na+-induced pinocytosis also occurred after starvation or treatment with a proteolytic enzyme, subtilisin. The membrane potential in starved or emetine-treated cells in culture medium was normal and their depolarising response to inducers was not diminished in solutions containing Na+. The resting input resistance of these cells was higher than in normal amoebae, but no significant difference in electrical parameters was observed after pinocytosis was induced. It is suggested that starvation, inhibition of protein synthesis, and enzyme digestion deplete the membrane of structures which are necessary for ...Continue Reading

  • References2
  • Citations3

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Amoeba proteus
Calcium [EPC]
Emetine Dihydrochloride
Calcium
Amoeba genus
Resting Potentials
Peptide Hydrolases
Potassium
Proteus Syndrome
Subtilisins

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.