Jul 1, 2020

Selective Neuronal Vulnerability in Alzheimer's Disease: A Network-Based Analysis

Neuron
Jean-Pierre RoussariePaul Greengard

Abstract

A major obstacle to treating Alzheimer's disease (AD) is our lack of understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying selective neuronal vulnerability, a key characteristic of the disease. Here, we present a framework integrating high-quality neuron-type-specific molecular profiles across the lifetime of the healthy mouse, which we generated using bacTRAP, with postmortem human functional genomics and quantitative genetics data. We demonstrate human-mouse conservation of cellular taxonomy at the molecular level for neurons vulnerable and resistant in AD, identify specific genes and pathways associated with AD neuropathology, and pinpoint a specific functional gene module underlying selective vulnerability, enriched in processes associated with axonal remodeling, and affected by amyloid accumulation and aging. We have made all cell-type-specific profiles and functional networks available at http://alz.princeton.edu. Overall, our study provides a molecular framework for understanding the complex interplay between Aβ, aging, and neurodegeneration within the most vulnerable neurons in AD.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Laboratory mice
Cell Type
Neurons
Gene Modules
Network Meta-Analysis
Signal Pathways
Nerve Degeneration
Molecular_function
Genomics
Aging

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