Mar 31, 2020

Hsp70 inhibits aggregation of Islet amyloid polypeptide by binding to the heterogeneous prenucleation oligomers

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
N. ChilukotiKanchan Garai

Abstract

Molecular chaperone Hsp70 plays important roles in the pathology of amyloid diseases by inhibiting aberrant aggregation of proteins. However, mechanism of the interactions of Hsp70 with the amyloidogenic intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) is not clear. Here, we use Hsp70 from different organisms to show that it inhibits aggregation of Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) at substoichiometric concentrations even in absence of ATP. The effect is found to be the strongest if Hsp70 is added in the beginning of aggregation but progressively less if added later, indicating role of Hsp70 in preventing primary nucleation possibly via interactions with the prefibrillar oligomers of IAPP. Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy (FCS) measurements of the solutions containing fluorescently labelled Hsp70 and IAPP exhibit fluorescence bursts suggesting formation of heterogeneous complexes of oligomeric IAPP binding to multiple molecules of Hsp70. Size exclusion chromatography and field flow fractionation are then used to fractionate the smaller complexes. Multiangle light scattering and FCS measurements suggest that these complexes comprise of monomers of Hsp70 and small oligomers of IAPP. However, concentration of the complexes is measured...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genomic Stability
Sample Fixation
Site
Geneticist
Diploid Cell
Alleles
Fixation - Action
Mutation Abnormality
Population Group

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