Jun 1, 1976

Selectivity of beta-adrenoceptor agonists and antagonists on bronchial, skeletal, vascular and cardiac muscle in the anaesthetized cat

British Journal of Pharmacology
G H ApperleyG P Levy

Abstract

1 The potencies of fifteen beta-adrenoceptor agonists of widely differing chemical structures were compared with that of (-)-isoprenaline on bronchial muscle, soleus muscle, blood pressure and heart rate in the anaesthetized cat. The beta-adrenoceptor antagonist potencies of propranolol and practolol were determined against (-)-isoprenaline in the same model. 2 (-)-Isoprenaline was the most potent agonist and its action was essentially unselective. Thus, on all four parameters the minimal effective dose was 0.003-0.01 mug/kg and maximal or near maximal responses were produced by 0.3-1 mug/kg. Trimetoquinol was also an essentially unselective agonist. 3 For thirteen of the remaining fourteen agonists, potency was similar on bronchial muscle, soleus muscle and blood pressure but significantly lower on heart rate. 4 The remaining agonist - AH 7616 (4-hydroxy-alpha1-[[(1-methyl-3,3-diphenyl-propyl)amino]-methyl]-m-xylene-alpha1, alpha3-diol, acetate) - was also significantly less potent on heart rate than on the other parameters; in addition, it was clearly less potent on soleus muscle and blood pressure than on bronchial muscle when 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) was used to induce bronchospasm. However, when acetylcholine was used in...Continue Reading

  • References23
  • Citations19

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Tretoquinol
Bronchial System
Area
Classification
Practolol
3-xylene
Blood Vessel
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Serotonin
Antagonist Muscle Action

Related Feeds

Adrenergic Receptors: Trafficking

Adrenergic receptor trafficking is an active physiological process where adrenergic receptors are relocated from one region of the cell to another or from one type of cell to another. Discover the latest research on adrenergic receptor trafficking here.