Mar 1, 1976

Self-injurious behavior in schizophrenic and retarded children

American Journal of Mental Deficiency
F Frankel, J Q Simmons

Abstract

Self-injurious behavior is a problem with some children who are primarily nonverval and low-functioning. This behavior has resulted in management difficulties far out of proportion to its incidence. In the present paper, we have considered possible operant and respondent paradigms instrumental in the acquisition and maintenance of several different topographies of self-injurious behavior. Support for these paradigms was gathered from existing epidemiological literature dealing with humans and primates and from the literature concerned with treatment of self-injurious behavior. Immediate outcome and results of subsequent follow-up were presented as a function of type of intervention, the nature of positive reinforcement utilized, and the topography of the self-injurious response involved. Implications were drawn for future research and treatment.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Self Mutilation
Extinction, Psychological
Reinforcement, Social
Psychological Desensitization Therapy
Primates
Epidemiology
Punishment
Mental Concentration
Social Isolation
Schizophrenia, Childhood

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