PMID: 43123Nov 1, 1979

Self-motion magnitude estimation during linear oscillation: changes with head orientation and following fatigue

Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
D E ParkerR L Goodrich

Abstract

Two types of experiments concerning estimated magnitude of self-motion during exposure to linear oscillation on a parallel swing are described in this paper. Experiment I examined changes in magnitude estimation as a function of variation of the subject's head orientation, and Experiments II a, II b, and II c assessed changes in magnitude estimation performance following exposure to sustained, "intense" linear oscillation (fatigue-inducing stimulation). The subjects' performance was summarized employing Stevens' power law (R = k . Sn, where R is perceived self-motion magnitude, k is a constant, S is amplitude of linear oscillation, and n is an exponent). The results of Experiment I indicated that the exponents, n, for the magnitude estimation functions varied with head orientation and were greatest when the head was oriented 135 degrees off the vertical. In Experiments II a-c, the magnitude estimation function exponents were increased following fatigue. Both types of experiments suggest ways in which the vestibular system's contribution to a spatial orientation perceptual system may vary. This variability may be a contributing factor to the development of pilot/astronaut disorientation and may also be implicated in the occurren...Continue Reading

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