Self-regressing oral CD30-positive, EBV-negative, T-cell lymphoproliferative lesions. A poorly understood process highlighted by ominous clinicopathologic features and indolent behavior.

Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Prokopios P ArgyrisIoannis G Koutlas

Abstract

Intraoral, primary, CD30-positive (CD30+) T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (TLPDs) are uncommon, and their clinicopathologic presentation and management can vary and may be challenging. Herein, we present a retrospective study of 4 examples of self-regressing primary CD30+ TLPD affecting the gingiva. Archived files were retrospectively reviewed for oral CD30+ TLPDs featuring (1) proper immunohistochemical documentation, (2) Epstein-Barr virus negativity, (3) adequate follow-up information corroborating regression, and (4) no history of hematopoietic malignancy or related-mucocutaneous disease. Three women and 1 man (age range, 55-82 years; mean, 68.3 years) presented with rapidly growing gingival ulcers. Microscopic evaluation revealed diffuse infiltration by sheets of large, atypical cells admixed with lymphocytes and eosinophils, showing angiocentric distribution, focal neurotropism, and muscle infiltration. The lesional cells consistently stained for CD3 and CD30 and were variably immunoreactive against CD2, CD4, CD5, CD7, and CD8, but were negative for ALK1 and EBV-encoded small RNA. TCR-γ gene rearrangement studies revealed a monoclonal T-cell population in 1 case. All lesions showed complete regression 2 to 8 weeks po...Continue Reading

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