Self-reported and parent-reported pain for common painful events in high-functioning children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder

The Clinical Journal of Pain
Nancy F BandstraChristine T Chambers

Abstract

Previous research suggests that children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are at a higher risk for painful experiences, but there is limited research examining pain in children with ASD. The current study examined self-reported and parent-reported pain in 20 high-functioning youth with ASD (17 boys; 3 girls) and 20 typically developing controls (16 boys; 4 girls) ranging in age from 9 to 18 years and matched on age and IQ. Participants with and without ASD rated their hypothetical pain in a series of pictures depicting common childhood situations. They also rated the amount of pain they would expect to feel (using the Faces Pain Scale-Revised and a Numeric Rating Scale) in a series of validated hypothetical pain situations depicted in cartooned images (eg, scraping knee on sidewalk). Parents rated the amount of pain they would expect their child to show in each of the same cartoon stimuli. There were no significant differences between pain vignette ratings of youth with ASD and their non-ASD peers or in the ratings provided by their parents. High-functioning youth with ASD were able to successfully use both of the self-report scales to rate pain. This is the first study to successfully obtain self-report of pain from youth ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Dec 26, 2015·Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics : JDBP·Elizabeth ElyEron Friedlaender
Mar 8, 2016·Annals of General Psychiatry·Yuka YasudaMasatoshi Takeda
Apr 2, 2014·Autism : the International Journal of Research and Practice·David J Moore
Jul 19, 2013·Journal of Neurophysiology·Elizabeth B TorresJorge V José

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