Aug 29, 2014

The environmental stress response causes ribosome loss in aneuploid yeast cells.

bioRxiv
Joshua G. SchraiberAngelika Amon

Abstract

Aneuploidy, a condition characterized by whole chromosome gains and losses, is often associated with significant cellular stress and decreased fitness. However, how cells respond to the aneuploid state has remained controversial. In aneuploid budding yeast, two opposing gene expression patterns have been reported: the "environmental stress response" (ESR) and the "common aneuploidy gene-expression" (CAGE) signature, in which many ESR genes are oppositely regulated. Here, we investigate and bring clarity to this controversy. We show that the CAGE signature is not an aneuploidy-specific gene expression signature but the result of normalizing the gene expression profile of actively proliferating aneuploid cells to that of euploid cells grown into stationary phase. Because growth into stationary phase is amongst the strongest inducers of the ESR, the ESR in aneuploid cells was masked when stationary phase euploid cells were used for normalization in transcriptomic studies. When exponentially growing euploid cells are used in gene expression comparisons with aneuploid cells, the CAGE signature is no longer evident in aneuploid cells. Instead, aneuploid cells exhibit the ESR. We further show that the ESR causes selective ribosome los...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Neurospora crassa
Animal Cancer Model
Genes
Combined Modality Therapy
Tail
Simulation
Neurospora crassa allergenic extract
Diet, Fat-Free
Genetic Loci
Population Group

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.