Aug 29, 2014

The environmental stress response causes ribosome loss in aneuploid yeast cells.

Joshua G. SchraiberAngelika Amon


Aneuploidy, a condition characterized by whole chromosome gains and losses, is often associated with significant cellular stress and decreased fitness. However, how cells respond to the aneuploid state has remained controversial. In aneuploid budding yeast, two opposing gene expression patterns have been reported: the "environmental stress response" (ESR) and the "common aneuploidy gene-expression" (CAGE) signature, in which many ESR genes are oppositely regulated. Here, we investigate and bring clarity to this controversy. We show that the CAGE signature is not an aneuploidy-specific gene expression signature but the result of normalizing the gene expression profile of actively proliferating aneuploid cells to that of euploid cells grown into stationary phase. Because growth into stationary phase is amongst the strongest inducers of the ESR, the ESR in aneuploid cells was masked when stationary phase euploid cells were used for normalization in transcriptomic studies. When exponentially growing euploid cells are used in gene expression comparisons with aneuploid cells, the CAGE signature is no longer evident in aneuploid cells. Instead, aneuploid cells exhibit the ESR. We further show that the ESR causes selective ribosome los...Continue Reading

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