Jun 6, 1980

Sensitivity of the (Na+ + k+)-atpase to state-dependent inhibitors. Effects of digitonin and Triton X-100

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
J D Robinson

Abstract

Treatment of a purified (NA+ + 5+)-ATPase preparation from dog kidney with digitonin reduced enzymatic activity, with the (Na+ + k+)-atpase reaction inhibited more than the K+-phosphatase reaction that is also catalyzed by this enzyme. Under the usual assay conditions oligomycin inhibits the (Na+ + k+)-atpase reaction but not the K+-phosphatase reaction; however, treatment with digitonin made the K+-phosphatase reaction almost as sensitive to oligomycin as the (Na+ + k+)-atpase reaction. The non-ionic detergents, Triton X-100, Lubrol WX and Tween 20, also conferred sensitivity to oligomycin on the K+-phosphatase reaction (in the absence of oligomycin all these detergents, unlike digitonin, inhibited the K+-phosphatase reaction more than the (Na+ + k+)-atpase reaction). Both digitonin and Triton markedly increased the K0.5 for K+ as activator of the K+-phosphatase reaction, with little effect on the K0.5 for K+ as activator of the (Na+ + k+)-ATpase reaction. In contrast, increasing the K0.5 for K+ in the K+-phosphatase reaction by treatment of the enxyme with acetic anhydride did not confer sensitivity to oligomycin. Both digitonin and Triton also increased the inhibition of the K+-phosphatase reaction by ATP and increased the i...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Lubrol WX
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Digitonin
Phosphate Measurement
Kidney
Triton preparation
Oligomycins
FAVOR
Slow-K

About this Paper

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