Oct 1, 1985

Sensitivity of various visualization methods for peroxidase and alkaline phosphatase activity in immunoenzyme histochemistry

The Histochemical Journal
A S De JongA K Raap


Various chromogen protocols for visualizing peroxidase and alkaline phosphatase activity in immunoenzyme histochemistry were compared with respect to their sensitivity. They were tested on tissue sections of human skeletal muscle and in an antigen spot test using antibodies against slow skeletal muscle myosin. The chromogens included 3-amino-9-ethylcarbazole (AEC), 3, 3'-diaminobenzidine (DAB), p-phenylenediamine-pyrocatechol (PPD-PC) and 4-chloro-1-naphthol (CN) in peroxidase histochemistry, and 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl phosphate-nitro blue tetrazolium salt (BCIP-NBT), BCIP-tetra nitro blue tetrazolium salt (TNBT) and various combinations of substituted naphthol phosphate-diazonium salt in alkaline phosphatase histochemistry. DAB, CN, and PPD-PC were also employed with imidazole and DAB in addition to Co2+ and Ni2+ ions. The results indicate that DAB-imidazole and DAB-Co2+ and Ni2+ ions are the most sensitive chromogen protocols for visualizing peroxidase activity. Although no large differences were found between the various chromogen protocols for visualizing alkaline phosphatase activity, the protocol BCIP-TNBT is especially recommended. Furthermore, the various chromogen protocols were evaluated as to stability of chromog...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
Chromogenic Substrates
Iron in various other combinations
Tetrazolium Salts
5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indoxyl phosphate
Alkaline Phosphatase Measurement
Peroxidase Activity

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