PMID: 3127646Jan 1, 1988

Separate effects of low carbon dioxide and low oxygen content on rat brain monoamine metabolism during hypoxemia

Life Sciences
E B Olson


Awake, adult male rats (some with chronically indwelling femoral artery catheters) were exposed for up to 7 days to one of three environments: a) normoxia (PIO2 = 155 Torr), b) hypoxic hypocapnia (PIO2 = 90 Torr), and c) hypoxic normocapnia (PIO2 = 73 Torr, PICO2 = 32 Torr), and arterial blood gas and acid-base status were documented. After 1 hour to 7 days, rats were sacrificed, and the time courses of the brain levels and turnovers of norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine or 5HT) were determined in each condition. The transient decrease in monoamine levels seen on exposure to acute hypoxia was absent if normocapnia was maintained; 7 days hypoxia with or without hypocapnia resulted in increased monoamine levels. Normocapnia also prevented an immediate, sustained decrease in 5HT turnover and a delayed decrease in DA turnover which were observed in hypoxic hypocapnia. A delayed increase in 5HT turnover appeared to be due to hypoxia independent of PaCO2. Therefore, the initial, transient loss of mental acuity and some ventilatory adaptations observed during prolonged hypoxia may be a result of the decrease in PaCO2 rather than the decreased oxygen concentration.


Apr 1, 1977·Acta Physiologica Scandinavica·A CarlssonB K Siesjö
Aug 1, 1979·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·E B OlsonD R McCrimmon
Feb 1, 1975·Acta Physiologica Scandinavica·H Jóhannsson, B K Siesjö
Mar 1, 1975·Acta Physiologica Scandinavica·L BorgströmB K Siesjö

Related Concepts

Carbon Dioxide
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer
August Rats

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