Dec 1, 1985

Separation of Crotalus atrox (western diamondback rattlesnake) alpha-proteinase from serine proteinase and hemorrhagic factor activities

Analytical Biochemistry
M Kruzel, L F Kress

Abstract

A method for obtaining Crotalus atrox alpha-proteinase (EC 3.4.24.1) in a pure form has been developed. Fractionation of the crude venom on DEAE-Sepharose, followed by gel filtration on Bio-Gel P-150 and chromatography on CM-Sepharose, yielded an alpha-proteinase preparation which showed a single band on disc and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and had an activity on casein approximately twice that previously reported. The enzyme is a nonglycosylated single-chain polypeptide with a molecular weight of 26,738 and a pI of 8.15. Proteolytic activity on casein, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, and Cl-inhibitor was abolished by treatment of alpha-proteinase with 1 mM EDTA, but full activity was retained in the presence of 1 mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride. Caseinolytic activity was increased by 33 and 55% in the presence of 10 mM Mg2+ and Ca2+, respectively. Pure alpha-proteinase is devoid of esterolytic activity on H-D-Pro-Phe-Arg-p-nitroanilide (S-2302), benzoyl-L-arginine ethyl ester, and benzoyl-L-tyrosine ethyl ester. The final preparation has no hemorrhagic factor activity.

Mentioned in this Paper

Casein allergenic extract
Caseins
SDS-PAGE
Chromatography
Crotalus atrox
Endopeptidases
Atrolysin F
Proteolytic Enzyme
Metalloproteins
Serine Endopeptidases

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.