Jan 15, 1976

Separation of subchloroplast membrane particles by counter-current distribution

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
Bertil AnderssonP A Albertsson

Abstract

Counter-current distribution in an aqueous Dextran-polyethylene glycol two-phase system has been used to fractionate membrane fragments obtained by press treatment of Class II chloroplasts. By the counter-current distribution technique membrane particles are separated according to their surface properties such as charge and hydrophobicity. The fractions obtained were analysed with respect to photochemical activities, chlorophyll and P-700 contents. The Photosystem II enrichment after counter-current distribution was better than that obtained by differential centrifugation of the disrupted chloroplasts. However, the best separation of Photosystem I and II enriched particles could be achieved if differential centrifugation was combined with the counter-current distribution technique. Each centrifugal fraction could be further separated into Photosystems I and II enriched fractions since the Photosystem II particles preferred the dextran-rich bottom phase while the Photosystem I particles preferred the polyethylene glycol-rich top phase. By this procedure it was possible, without the use of detergents, to obtain vesicles which were more enriched in Photosystem II as compared to intact grana stacks. The partition behaviour of undis...Continue Reading

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  • Citations26

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Tissue Membrane
Sodium 2,6-Dichloroindophenol
Stroma
Chloroplasts
Centrifugation
Grana
Vesicle
Polymers
Electron Microscopy
Polyethylene Glycols

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