Apr 2, 2020

Cell-type specialization in the brain is encoded by specific long-range chromatin topologies

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
W. Winick-NgAna Pombo


Neurons and oligodendrocytes are terminally differentiated cells that perform highly specialized functions, which depend on cascades of gene activation and repression to retain homeostatic control over a lifespan. Gene expression is regulated by three-dimensional (3D) genome organisation, from local levels of chromatin compaction to the organisation of topological domains and chromosome compartments. Whereas our understanding of 3D genome architecture has vastly increased in the past decade, it remains difficult to study specialized cells in their native environment without disturbing their activity. To develop the application of Genome Architecture Mapping (GAM) in small numbers of specialized cells in complex tissues, we combined GAM with immunoselection. We applied immunoGAM to map the genome architecture of specific cell populations in the juvenile/adult mouse brain: dopaminergic neurons (DNs) from the midbrain, pyramidal glutamatergic neurons (PGNs) from the hippocampus, and oligodendrocyte lineage cells (OLGs) from the cortex. We integrate 3D genome organisation with single-cell transcriptomics data, and find specific chromatin structures that relate with cell-type specific patterns of gene expression. We discover abundan...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Endomembrane System
Cellular Process
Transport Vesicles
Complex (molecular entity)
Intraflagellar Transport
Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

CZI Human Cell Atlas Seed Network

The aim of the Human Cell Atlas (HCA) is to build reference maps of all human cells in order to enhance our understanding of health and disease. The Seed Networks for the HCA project aims to bring together collaborators with different areas of expertise in order to facilitate the development of the HCA. Find the latest research from members of the HCA Seed Networks here.