Sero-epidemiological survey and risk factors associated with bovine brucellosis among slaughtered cattle in Nigeria

The Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
Victor Oluwatoyin AkinseyeS I B Cadmus

Abstract

Bovine brucellosis is endemic in Nigeria; however, limited data exist on nationwide studies and risk factors associated with the disease. Using a cross-sectional sero-epidemiological survey, we determined the prevalence of and risk factors for brucellosis in slaughtered cattle in three geographical regions of Nigeria. Serum samples from randomly selected unvaccinated cattle slaughtered over a period of 3 years (between December 2010 and September 2013) from northern, southern and south-western Nigeria were tested for antibodies to Brucella abortus using the Rose Bengal test. Data associated with risk factors of brucellosis were analysed by Stata Version 12. In all, 8105 cattle were screened. An overall seroprevalence of 3.9% (315/8105) was recorded by the Rose Bengal test, with 3.8%, 3.4% and 4.0% from the northern, southern and south-western regions, respectively. Bivariate analysis showed that cattle screened in northern Nigeria were less likely to be seropositive for antibodies to Brucella spp. than those from south-western Nigeria (odds ratio = 0.94; 95% confidence interval: 0.73-1.22). However, logistic regression analysis revealed that breed ( p = 0.04) and sex ( p £ 0.0001) of cattle were statistically significant for se...Continue Reading

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Citations

Sep 25, 2020·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Usama SaeedHeinrich Neubauer
Apr 24, 2018·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Akwoba Joseph OguguaSimeon I B Cadmus
Dec 16, 2018·Journal of the South African Veterinary Association·Gervais NdazigaruyeBasiamisi E Segwagwe
Feb 24, 2021·The Veterinary Quarterly·Maryam DadarKuldeep Dhama

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