Jan 6, 2010

Serodiagnostic efficacy of Mycobacterium tuberculosis 30/32-kDa mycolyl transferase complex, ESAT-6, and CFP-10 in patients with active tuberculosis

Archivum Immunologiae Et Therapiae Experimentalis
Gavish KumarBeenu Joshi

Abstract

Elimination of tuberculosis (TB) largely depends upon definitive rapid diagnosis and treatment. Widely used diagnostic tests do not qualify for use in a developing country due to lack of either desired accuracy or their cost. In the present study an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to evaluate the diagnostic potential of an immuno-dominant 30/32-kDa mycolyl transferase complex (Ag85 complex) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific proteins (ESAT-6 and CFP-10) of the RD1 region. Higher sensitivity (84.1%) with Ag85 complex was observed compared with ESAT-6 (64.9%) and CFP-10 (66%), with almost similar specificity (Ag85: 85.2%, ESAT-6: 88.9%, CFP-10: 85.2%), whereas the individual components of Ag85 complex, i.e. Ag85A, Ag85B, and Ag85C, showed sensitivities of 44.6, 34, and 80.9% and specificities of 55.6, 74.1, and 40.7% respectively. A cocktail of Ag85 complex, ESAT-6, CFP-10, Ag85A, Ag85B, and Ag85C antigens also could not help in increasing either sensitivity (51.1%) or specificity (85.2%). Furthermore, immunoblot analysis using clinical isolates as well as a standard strain (H37Rv) of M. tuberculosis also showed strong reactivity of sera from TB patients to Ag85 complex and, to a lesser extent, also to ESAT-6. To ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

ESAT gene
AG 85
Serology (Antibodies and Most Antigens Except Blood Bank and Infectious Agents)
Bacterial Proteins
Tuberculosis
Antigen 85B, Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Phosphoglycerate Dehydrogenase Activity
Immunoblotting
Acyltransferase
Antigens, Bacterial

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