Serological response to coagulase-negative staphylococci in patients with peritonitis on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology
M DrydenI Phillips
Sera and dialysis effluent from 20 patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) with coagulase-negative staphylococcal (CNS) peritonitis were examined by immunoblotting for antibody activity against CNS. Immunoblotting was highly sensitive and demonstrated significantly greater antibody activity in serum and dialysate of infected patients compared with that of uninfected CAPD patients or healthy volunteers. Fourteen of 20 infected CAPD patients had strong antibody activity (> 7 bands); one patient had equivocal activity. Five patients had weak antibody activity, two of whom suffered from recurrent peritonitis with distinguishable CNS strains despite a satisfactory CAPD technique. One patient with a poor CAPD technique had strong antibody activity, but suffered from recurrent peritonitis. Examination of sequential sera suggested that seroconversion occurred soon after insertion of the Tenckhoff catheter, possibly in the absence of clinical infection. Antibody activity against a 25 kDa staphylococcal protein was significantly associated with peritonitis.
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