Nov 3, 2006

Seroprevalence survey of varicella, measles, rubella, and hepatitis A and B viruses in a multinational healthcare workforce in Saudi Arabia

Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology : the Official Journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America
M A AlmuneefM Helmi

Abstract

To determine the prevalence of the vaccine-preventable diseases caused by varicella, measles, rubella, and hepatitis A and B viruses in a multinational healthcare workforce. Prospective cohort study. A 750-bed tertiary care center located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In compliance with hospital policy, newly recruited healthcare workers (HCWs) were enrolled in the study from September 2001 to March 2005. Serum samples were collected from all HCWs during the initial hiring process and tested for IgG antibodies against each of the 5 viral agents. Nonimmune HCWs were subsequently vaccinated at the earliest opportunity. A total of 4,006 newly hired (international and local) employees were included in the study. All underwent serologic testing for IgG antibodies against varicella, measles, rubella, hepatitis A, and hepatitis B viruses. Of the total, 63% were female and 37% were male. Middle Eastern employees comprised 47% of the total, followed by employees from the Far East (35%), the West (10%), and Africa (8%). Forty-two percent were nurses, 27% were in administration, 18% were medical technicians, and 13% were physicians. Among the 4,006 newly hired HCWs, 14% had negative IgG antibody test results for varicella virus, 13% for measle...Continue Reading

  • References11
  • Citations21

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Measles virus
Herpesvirus 1, Cercopithecine
Antibodies, Viral
Hepatitis A Virus Measurement
Hepatitis A
Seroprevalence
Rubella
Dane Particle
Hepatitis B Virus
Etiology

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