May 12, 2009

Serotonergic modulation of odor input to the mammalian olfactory bulb

Nature Neuroscience
Gabor C PetzoldVenkatesh N Murthy

Abstract

Centrifugal serotonergic fibers innervate the olfactory bulb, but the importance of these projections for olfactory processing is unclear. We examined serotonergic modulation of sensory input to olfactory glomeruli using mice that express synaptopHluorin in olfactory receptor neurons (ORN). Odor-evoked synaptic input to glomeruli was attenuated by increased serotonin signaling through serotonin 2C (5-HT2C) receptors and amplified by decreased serotonergic activity. Intravital multiphoton calcium imaging revealed that 5-HT2C receptor activation amplified odor-evoked activity in a subset of juxtaglomerular cells and attenuated glutamate release from ORN terminals via GABA(B) receptors. Endogenous serotonin released by electrical stimulation of the dorsal raphe nucleus attenuated odor-evoked responses without detectable bias in glomerular position or odor identity. Weaker glomerular responses, however, were less sensitive to raphe stimulation than strong responses. Our data indicate that the serotonergic system regulates odor inputs in the olfactory bulb and suggest that behavioral states may alter odor processing at the earliest stages.

Mentioned in this Paper

Calcium [EPC]
Projections and Predictions
Structure of Olfactory Bulb
Calcium
Serotonin Measurement
Serotonin
Renal Glomerular Disease
Synaptic Transmission
Smell Perception
Olfactory tubercle

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