Serum and total body potassium during treatment with chlortalidone and hydrochlorothiazide. Influence of triamterene (author's transl)

Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift
G E SchäferM Kaltenbach

Abstract

The serum and total body potassium was investigated in 25 patients with non-congestive cardaic failure before and during saluretic treatment. Treatment with triamterene (100 mg/d; n = 10) over a period of 3 weeks led to an increase of serum potassium (from 4.1 +/- 0.65 to 4.7 +/- 0.51 mmol/l) and of total body potassium (by 110 mmol). After treatment with chlortalidon for 7 days (100 mg/d; n = 6) serum potassium concentration decreased from 4.38 "/- 0.37 to 3.30 +/- 0.46 mmol/l (approximately 25%). The total body potassium decreased by 240 mmol (approximately 10%). Continuation of the treatment with a combination of chlortalidon (50 mg/d) and triamterene (150 mg/d) led to correction of the extra- and intracellular potassium loss after 1 to 2 weeks. No significant change of serum and total body potassium was found during and after 6 months of treatment with hydrochlorothiazide (50 mg/d) and triamterene (100 mg/d; n = 9). The results demonstrate the potassium loss which occurs in the early stage of saluretic treatment and show the antikaluretic potency of triamterene.

Related Concepts

Thalitone
Polychemotherapy
Myocardial Failure
Sectrazide
Potassium
Urocaudal

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