PMID: 2040092Apr 1, 1991Paper

Serum and urinary human heart fatty acid-binding protein in acute myocardial infarction

Clinical Biochemistry
T TanakaK Kawamura


A competitive enzyme immunoassay (C-EIA) was developed for the measurement of serum and urinary levels of human heart fatty acid-binding protein (hh-FABP), and the appearance and time-course changes of hh-FABP levels were evaluated in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Control serum and urinary hh-FABP levels, which were determined in 86 serum and 42 urine samples from 86 patients without AMI, were found to range between 0 and 2.8 ng/mL. Serial determinations performed on 11 patients with AMI demonstrated that hh-FABP levels were significantly elevated in the first serum and urine samples obtained within 14 h of the onset of clinical symptoms. Two serum and 2 urine samples obtained only 1.5 h after the onset of symptoms already showed elevated hh-FABP levels, while in the same serum samples the activity of the myocardial-specific isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB) was still normal. Maximal serum and urinary hh-FABP levels appeared between 5 and 10 h after symptoms developed, and fell sharply towards normal thereafter. The hh-FABP levels in serum and urine both peaked earlier than the elevation of CK-MB activity in serum. The presence of hh-FABP in serum and/or urine seems to be a marker for myocardial damage and...Continue Reading


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