PMID: 6627696Sep 1, 1983

Serum calcium concentration in hyperthyroidism at diagnosis and after treatment

Clinical Endocrinology
J G DalyR L Himsworth


In a large, mainly outpatient, series of hyperthyroid patients who attended a district general hospital the serum concentrations of calcium and albumin were measured before and in many cases after treatment. The calcium level (mean +/- SD) before treatment (2.41 +/- 0.21 mmol/l, n = 437) was significantly higher (P less than 0.01) than afterwards (2.36 +/- 0.15 mmol/l, n = 232) and the albumin level rose when the patients became euthyroid (from 40.5 +/- 3.1 g/l to 44.0 +/- 2.4 g/l; P less than 0.01). After treatment neither value differed from those of an unselected group of out-patients. The usual relation between the serum concentrations of calcium and albumin did not hold in the hyperthyroid subjects but reverted to normal on treatment; the variation, probably due to an increase in ionized calcium, leads to an overestimate of the 'corrected calcium' when conventional methods are used to calculate this figure. Thus, using a conventional formula 8.5% of our hyperthyroid patients would appear to have a calcium greater than 2.65 mmol/l (normal mean plus 2 standard deviations) whereas using a correction factor specific for the hyperthyroid situation the figure is reduced to 5.7% which is only twice the expected proportion. The ca...Continue Reading


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