Serum circulating human mRNA profiling and its utility for oral cancer detection

Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Yang LiDavid T Wong


The purpose of this study is to explore the presence of informative RNA biomarkers from human serum transcriptome, and evaluate the serum transcriptome diagnostics for disease detection. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) was selected as the proof-of-concept disease. Blood samples were collected from patients (n = 32) with primary T1/T2 OSCC and matched healthy patients (n = 35). Circulating RNA was isolated from serum and linearly amplified using T7 polymerase. Microarrays were applied for profiling transcriptome in serum from 10 cancer patients and controls. The differential gene expression was analyzed by combining the present calls, t tests, and fold-change statistics. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to validate the selected candidate RNA markers identified by microarray. Receiver operating characteristic curve and classification models were exploited to evaluate the diagnostic power of these markers for OSCC. Human serum circulating mRNAs were presented by reverse transcriptase PCR. Microarray identified 2,623 +/- 868 probes assigned present calls in OSCC (n = 10) versus 1,792 +/- 165 in healthy patients (n = 10), indicating a higher complexity of serum transciptome in OSCC patients (P = .002, Wilcox...Continue Reading


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