Nov 20, 2012

Serum iron and selected biochemical values in free-ranging black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) from South Africa

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine : Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Michele MillerPeter Buss

Abstract

Serum samples collected from 20 black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) were analyzed for iron values from six different areas in South Africa. In addition, biochemical profiles were performed on individual samples. Comparisons of iron values from free-ranging black rhinoceros and from 28 free-ranging white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) were conducted by location and age. Among the free-ranging black rhinoceros, samples were compared from different regions to a set of samples from black rhinoceros that had been captured and held in bomas. Serum iron levels were not significantly different (P = 0.55) among the three locations with more than one animal (medians 5.57, 5.70, 6.47 ppm), but the median value from the boma group was significantly lower (2.91 ppm; P = 0.042), contrary to previous studies. Similar to reports in captive black rhinos, serum iron levels appeared to show a trend toward increasing values between subadult and adult animals, although differences were not statistically significant among black rhinoceros. Comparison of serum iron levels between free-ranging black and white rhinoceros showed significantly higher median value in black rhinoceros (5.73 ppm) versus white rhinoceros (3.38 ppm, P= 0.001). Other signifi...Continue Reading

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References

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Structure of Calf of Leg
Rhinoceros unicornis
Hemochromatosis
Iron Metabolism Disorders
Calcium
Hepatitis
Kruskal-Wallis Test
Gamma-glutamyl transferase
Cattle calf (organism)

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