PMID: 818862Apr 1, 1976

Serum level changes of endogenous and postheparin diamine oxidase (histaminase) in clinical and experimental hepatitis

Acta Hepato-gastroenterologica
V GängM Kadereit

Abstract

In patients suffering from acute viral hepatitis (n = 12) an about 50 per cent decrease of serum diamine oxidase (DAO, histaminase, E.C.N. 1.4.3.6) was detected as compared to a healthy control group (n = 24). Normally, the intravenous injection of heparin is promptly followed by a marked rise of plasma DAO. In viral hepatitis, however, after application of heparin (200 IU/kg b.w., i.v.) the enzyme release from the visceral organs into the plasma was markedly decreased. There was an inverse correlation between the serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) and the postheparin enzyme. Normalization of SGPT occurred before the normalization of post-heparin diamine oxidase (PHD). In galactosamine "hepatitis" of rats (800 mg Gal-N/kg b.w., i.p.), in contrary to human viral hepatitis plasma DAO increased about 5-fold after heparin application. This increased PHD in plasma of Gal-N rats was correlated to enhanced animal's endogenous plasma DAO activity (r=0.685, p less then 0.0005, n = 54). The cause of these enzyme activity changes and its possible pathophysiological meaning are still unknown. It is concluded from these experiments that in Gal-N "hepatitis" of rats plasmatic DAO level changes are mediated by endogenous heparin, rele...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Acute Disease
SGPT - Glutamate pyruvate transaminase
Galactosamine
Liquaemin
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Diaminobenzidine Oxidase
Drug-Induced Acute Liver Injury

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.