May 23, 2014

Serum one-carbon metabolites and risk of cervical cancer

Nutrition and Cancer
Sujata PathakNeeta Singh


Most cases of cervical cancer are associated with human papilloma virus (HPV) infection of high risk types. In folate deficiency, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein E1 (hnRNP-E1) interferes with HPV16 viral capsid protein synthesis. We aimed to study the importance of 1-carbon metabolism in cervical carcinogenesis by examining serum vitamin B12 (cobalamin), homocysteine, folate levels, and the RNA and protein expression of HPV16 L1, L2, E6, E7, and to correlate them with hnRNP-E1 expression and HPV infection in normals, squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs), and cervical cancer subjects. Serum cobalamin, folate, and homocysteine were estimated using kits, RNA by real time PCR and proteins by Western blotting. We observed that lower folate and vitamin B12 levels were associated with HPV infection. hnRNP-E1 progressively decreased from normals (100%) to SILs (75%) to cervical cancer (52.6%). The findings show that HPV16 E6 and E7 are overexpresed whereas HPV16 L1 and L2 are downregulated at mRNA and protein levels in cervical cancer as compared to normals and SILs. The results indicate that perhaps the reduced expression of hnRNP-E1 might be involved with the cervical cancer pathogenesis, with folate playing a role in the ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions
Metabolic Process, Cellular
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Pathogenic Aspects
Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion
Human Papillomavirus
Western Blotting
Viral Proteins
Receptor Down-Regulation

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