Sep 27, 2005

Sesquiterpene lactones from Centaurea spinosa and their antibacterial and cytotoxic activities

Journal of Natural Products
Vasiliki SaroglouHelen Skaltsa

Abstract

Ten sesquiterpene lactones, 8alpha-O-(3,4-dihydroxy-2-methylenebutanoyloxy)sonchucarpolide (4-epi-malacitanolide) (1), 8alpha-O-(4-acetoxy-2-hydroxymethylbuten-2-oyloxy)-4-epi-sonchucarpolide (2), malacitanolide (3), its 4'-acetyl derivative (4), 8alpha-O-(3,4-dihydroxy-2-methylenebutanoyloxy)dehydromelitensine (5), 8alpha-O-(3,4-dihydroxy-2-methylenebutanoyloxy)-15-oxo-5,7alphaH,6betaH-eleman-1,3,11(13)-trien-6,12-olide (6), the germacranolides 8alpha-O-(4-acetoxy-2-hydroxymethylbuten-2-oyloxy)salonitenolide (7), cnicin (8), and 4'-acetylcnicin (9), and the sesquiterpene methyl 8alpha-O-(3,4-dihydroxy-2-methylenebutanoyloxy)-6alpha,15-dihydroxyelema-1,3,11(13)-trien-12-oate (10), were isolated from the aerial parts of Centaurea spinosa. Nine known flavonoids were also isolated. The structures and the stereochemistry of the new compounds 1 and 2 were deduced by spectroscopic methods. The in vitro activity of 1-10 against three Gram-positive and three Gram-negative bacteria was evaluated using a microdilution method, and their in vitro cytotoxic activity was determined against a panel of human tumor cell lines.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Gram-Positive Bacteria
Trientine
Molecular Stereochemistry
Antineoplastic Agents
Malacitanolide
Cnicin
Centaurea spinosa
Sesquiterpenes
Lactones
Gram-Negative Bacteria

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