May 25, 2020

Sestrin2 modulates cardiac inflammatory response through maintaining redox homeostasis during ischemia and reperfusion

Redox Biology
Di RenJi Li

Abstract

Ischemia heart disease is the leading cause of death world-widely and has increased prevalence and exacerbated myocardial infarction with aging. Sestrin2, a stress-inducible protein, declines with aging in the heart and the rescue of Sestrin2 in the aged mouse heart improves the resistance to ischemic insults caused by ischemia and reperfusion. Here, through a combination of transcriptomic, physiological, histological, and biochemical strategies, we found that Sestrin2 deficiency shows an aged-like phenotype in the heart with excessive oxidative stress, provoked immune response, and defected myocardium structure under physiological condition. While challenged with ischemia and reperfusion stress, the transcriptomic alterations in Sestrin2 knockout mouse heart resembled aged wild type mouse heart. It suggests that Sestrin2 is an age-related gene in the heart against ischemia reperfusion stress. Sestrin2 plays a crucial role in modulating inflammatory response through maintaining the intracellular redox homeostasis in the heart under ischemia reperfusion stress condition. Together, the results indicate that Sestrin2 is a potential target for treatment of age-related ischemic heart disease.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Heart
Intracellular
Physiological Reperfusion
Oxidative Stress
Myocardium
TP53INP1 protein, human
Ischemia
Aging
Myocardial Ischemia
Transcriptome

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