Sex- and age-dependent DNA methylation at the 17q12-q21 locus associated with childhood asthma

Human Genetics
Anna K NaumovaCatherine Laprise

Abstract

Chromosomal region 17q12-q21 is one of the best-replicated genome-wide association study (GWAS) hits and associated with childhood-onset asthma. However, the mechanism by which the genetic association is restricted to childhood-onset disease is unclear. During childhood, more boys than girls develop asthma. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that the 17q12-q21 genetic association was sex-specific. Indeed, a TDT test showed that in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean familial collection, the 17q12-q21 association was significant among male, but not among female asthmatic subjects. We next hypothesized that the bias in the genetic association resulted from sex-specific and/or age-dependent DNA methylation at regulatory regions and determined the methylation profiles of five 17q12-q21 gene promoters using the bisulfite sequencing methylation assay. We identified a single regulatory region within the zona pellucida binding protein 2 (ZPBP2) gene, which showed statistically significant differences between males and females with respect to DNA methylation. DNA methylation also varied with age and was higher in adult males compared to boys. We have recently identified two functionally important polymorphisms, both within the ZPBP2 gene that ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Genome-Wide Association Study
Hydrogen sulfite
DNA Methylation [PE]
Protein Methylation
Egg White Proteins
DNA Methylation
ZPBP2 gene
Genetic Association Studies
Senility
Operator gene

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