Sex-based differences in premature first myocardial infarction caused by smoking: twice as many years lost by women as by men

European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation : Official Journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology
Morten GrundtvigAsmund Reikvam

Abstract

It has been debated whether smoking increases the risk of heart disease relatively more in women than in men. It is not known whether there are sex differences with regard to how many years prematurely smoking causes acute myocardial infarction (AMI) to occur. We aimed to determine how smoking affects the age of onset of first myocardial infarction in both the sexes. Clinical data were consecutively entered into a database and were analysed with a multivariate regression technique. In the years 1998-2005, data on 1784 consecutive patients (38.3% women) who were discharged from or died in a district general hospital with a diagnosis of first myocardial infarction were included in the study. Age at first AMI was analysed. Unadjusted mean ages were 76.2 years for women and 69.8 years for men, a difference of 6.4 years (P<0.001). Mean age within the various groups was: women nonsmokers 80.7 years, women smokers 66.2 years, difference 14.4 years (P<0.001); men nonsmokers 72.2 years, men smokers 63.9 years, difference 8.3 years (P<0.001). After adjustment for risk factors (hypertension, cholesterol levels, diabetes) and patient characteristics (history of angina, history of stroke) 13.7 years of the age difference in women were attri...Continue Reading

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Citations

Dec 18, 2013·European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care·Amber M OttenUNKNOWN Zwolle Myocardial Infarction study Group
Aug 24, 2011·European Journal of Preventive Cardiology·Jan MannsverkKaare Harald Bønaa
Sep 7, 2012·European Journal of Preventive Cardiology·Manon G van der MeerUNKNOWN (on behalf of the SMART study group)
Sep 21, 2011·European Journal of Preventive Cardiology·Caroline BählerDragana Radovanovic
Apr 1, 2011·European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation : Official Journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology·Bjørn MørkedalLars J Vatten
Feb 24, 2018·Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy·Jane S TitteringtonNanette K Wenger
Apr 1, 2011·European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation : Official Journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology·Yariv GerberUNKNOWN Israel Study Group on First Acute Myocardial Infarction
Nov 2, 2011·European Journal of Epidemiology·Dag Steinar Thelle
Mar 18, 2017·Clinical Science·Anjali ChauhanLouise D McCullough
Feb 22, 2011·European Journal of Epidemiology·Morten GrundtvigAasmund Reikvam
Nov 11, 2011·Nursing & Health Sciences·Linda Worrall-CarterKaren Page
Feb 9, 2011·Netherlands Heart Journal : Monthly Journal of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology and the Netherlands Heart Foundation·A H E M Maas, Y E A Appelman
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Jun 27, 2019·Maturitas·Anne-Laure MadikaClaire Mounier-Vehier
Oct 9, 2012·International Journal of Cardiology·Jan PithaMartin Bobak

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