Apr 1, 1999

Sex differences in dizocilpine (MK-801) neurotoxicity in rats

Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
G H HurY B Kim

Abstract

The sex differences in the clinical signs and the distribution of astrocytic glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) induced by an N-methyl-d-aspartate antagonist, dizocilpine (MK-801), were examined. A single intraperitoneal injection of MK-801 (5 mg/kg body weight) caused a prolonged recumbency (35-40 h), leading to a severe loss of body weight in female rats, in contrast to a light effect in males, independent of age. Early salivation or lacrimation was also severe in females and delayed bloody lacrimation was observed in females only. The pretreatment with 17β-estradiol (0.1 or 1.0 mg/kg body weight) made early signs worse in both sexes, but a remarkable mortality (20-40%) was observed in females only. The treatment with MK-801 greatly enhanced GFAP expression in retrospenial cortex of both sexes with a higher enhancement in females. The MK-801-induced expression of GFAP was further increased by the pretreatment with 17β-estradiol (1 mg/kg body weight) in females. Overall, the expression of GFAP in the retrospenial cortex of rats treated with MK-801 appeared to be higher in females than males, somewhat in parallel with more severe clinical signs in females. The results indicate the higher sensitivity of female rats to MK-801...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Cortex Bone Disorders
Adrenal Cortex Diseases
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
Antagonist Muscle Action
Secretion of Saliva
Estradiol Measurement
Weighing Patient
Dizocilpine
N-Methylaspartate
MK-801

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