Dec 25, 2009

Sexual conflict and the gender load: correlated evolution between population fitness and sexual dimorphism in seed beetles

Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Göran Arnqvist, Midori Tuda

Abstract

Although males and females share much of the same genome, selection is often distinct in the two sexes. Sexually antagonistic loci will in theory cause a gender load in populations, because sex-specific selection on a given trait in one sex will compromise the adaptive evolution of the same trait in the other sex. However, it is currently not clear whether such intralocus sexual conflict (ISC) represents a transient evolutionary state, where conflict is rapidly resolved by the evolution of sexual dimorphism (SD), or whether it is a more chronic impediment to adaptation. All else being equal, ISC should manifest itself as correlated evolution between population fitness and SD in traits expressed in both sexes. However, comparative tests of this prediction are problematic and have been unfeasible. Here, we assess the effects of ISC by comparing fitness and SD across distinct laboratory populations of seed beetles that should be well adapted to a shared environment. We show that SD in juvenile development time, a key life-history trait with a history of sexually antagonistic selection in this model system, is positively related to fitness. This effect is due to a correlated evolution between population fitness and development time...Continue Reading

  • References43
  • Citations24

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Conflict (Psychology)
Sexual Behavior, Animal
Order Coleoptera
Sexual Dimorphism
Oviposition
Borderline Leprosy
Biological Evolution
Neomalthusianism
Selection, Genetic
EAF2 gene

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