Sep 13, 2011

Sexual dimorphism in immune response, fat reserves and muscle mass in a sex role reversed spider

Zoology : Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
Anita Aisenberg, Alfredo V Peretti

Abstract

In sex role reversed species, females and males adopt behaviors that are not the traditional ones for that animal group. Furthermore, this reversal can translate into physiological differences between the sexes in characteristics such as energetic demands or immune response. Allocosa brasiliensis shows a reversal in the sex roles and sexual size dimorphism that would be expected for spiders. Males are larger than females and are sedentary, while females are the mobile sex that looks for males and initiates courtship. Our objective was to explore the occurrence of sexual dimorphism in immune response, fat content and muscular mass in A. brasiliensis, and relate the results to the reproductive strategies of the species. An encapsulation response was used as an estimate of the immune response. Abdominal fat content and leg muscular mass were quantified and the results were compared between females (N = 19) and males (N = 21). Males showed higher values of the three characteristics as compared to females. Life history divergences between the sexes regarding size, mobility and foraging opportunities could be factors driving these differences in immune response and energy requirements.

  • References16
  • Citations6

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Aphodius brasiliensis
Immune Response
Abdominal Cavity
Arenicola brasiliensis
Family Lycosidae
Microbial Anatomical Capsule Structure
Asteranthos brasiliensis
SIVA1 gene
Allocosa
Axonopus brasiliensis

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Coronavirus Protein Structures

Deciphering and comparing the proteins of different coronaviruses forms a basis for understanding SARS-CoV-2 evolution and virus-receptor interactions. This feed follows studies analyzing the structures of coronavirus proteins, thereby revealing potential drug target sites.

DDX3X Syndrome

DDX3X syndrome is caused by a spontaneous mutation at conception that primarily affects girls due to its location on the X-chromosome. DDX3X syndrome has been linked to intellectual disabilities, seizures, autism, low muscle tone, brain abnormalities, and slower physical developments. Here is the latest research.

ALS: Stress Granules

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by cytoplasmic protein aggregates within motor neurons. TDP-43 is an ALS-linked protein that is known to regulate splicing and storage of specific mRNAs into stress granules, which have been implicated in formation of ALS protein aggregates. Here is the latest research.

Fusion Oncoproteins in Childhood Cancers

This feed explores the function of fusion oncoproteins in specific childhood cancers, including those from racial/ethnic minority and underserved groups, and to provide preclinical assessment of potential therapeutics and how fusion oncoproteins influence gene expression to perturb normal cellular programs to block lineage differentiation and development

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis

Cytokinesis is the highly regulated process that physically separates daughter and mother cells in late mitosis. The mitotic-exit network (MEN), the signalling pathway that drives mitotic exit, directly regulates cytokinesis. Discover the latest research on mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis here.

DNA Replication Origin

DNA replication is initiated as specific gene sequences, called origins, that function to start DNA replication. Pre-replication complexes are assembled at these origins during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. These sequences allow for targeted activation or deactivation of replication. Discover the latest research on DNA replication origins here.

Related Papers

Proceedings. Biological Sciences
I P Owens, D B Thompson
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Hanna Kokko, Michael D Jennions
Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Anne Eskild
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved