DOI: 10.1101/499640Dec 19, 2018Paper

SGK phosphorylates Cdc25 and Myt1 to trigger cyclin B-Cdk1 activation at the meiotic G2/M transition

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Daisaku HiraokaTakeo Kishimoto

Abstract

The kinase cyclin B-Cdk1 complex is a master regulator of M-phase in both mitosis and meiosis. At the G2/M transition, cyclin B-Cdk1 activation is initiated by a trigger that reverses the balance of activities between Cdc25 and Wee1/Myt1, and is further accelerated by autoregulatory loops. In somatic cell mitosis, this trigger was recently proposed to be the cyclin A-Cdk1/Plk1 axis. However, in the oocyte meiotic G2/M transition, in which hormonal stimuli induce cyclin B-Cdk1 activation, cyclin A-Cdk1 is non-essential and hence the trigger remains elusive. Here, we show that SGK directly phosphorylates Cdc25 and Myt1 to trigger cyclin B-Cdk1 activation in starfish oocytes. After hormonal stimulation of the meiotic G2/M transition, SGK is activated by cooperation between the Gβγ-PI3K pathway and an unidentified pathway downstream of Gβγ, called the atypical Gβγ pathway. These findings identify the trigger in oocyte meiosis and provide insights into the role and activation of SGK.

Related Concepts

Meiosis
Mitosis
Oocytes
Phosphorylation
Starfish
CDC2 Protein Kinase
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Measurement
PLK1 protein, human
Ras Protein Specific Guanine Nucleotide Releasing Factor 1
FOXM1 protein, human

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