SGLT2 inhibitors therapy protects glucotoxicity-induced β-cell failure in a mouse model of human KATP-induced diabetes trough mitigation of oxidative and ER stress

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Z. A. ShyrMaria S Remedi


Progressive loss of pancreatic {beta}-cell functional mass and anti-diabetic drug responsivity are classic findings in diabetes, frequently attributed to compensatory insulin hypersecretion and {beta}-cell exhaustion. However, loss of {beta}-cell mass and identity still occurs in mouse models of human K ATP -gain-of-function induced Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus (NDM), in the absence of insulin secretion. Here we studied the mechanisms underlying and temporal progression of glucotoxicity-induced loss of functional {beta}-cell mass in NDM mice, and the effects of sodium-glucose transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) therapy. Upon tamoxifen induction of transgene expression, NDM mice developed severe diabetes followed by an unexpected loss of insulin content, decreased proinsulin processing and proinsulin accumulation at 2-weeks of diabetes. This was accompanied by a marked increase in {beta}-cell oxidative and ER stress, without changes in islet cell identity. Strikingly, early treatment with the SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin restored insulin content, decreased proinsulin:insulin ratio and reduced oxidative and ER stress. However, despite reduction of blood glucose, dapagliflozin therapy was ineffective in restoring {beta}-cell function...Continue Reading

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